Developmental editing for writers who might wonder: Do I have a story in play?
I focus on storytelling concepts to make sure they all work together for a compelling and well-executed read from chapter to chapter (engaging characters, sound plot, unique voice, plausible events + character motivation, right balance of exposition and action, etc.) as well as the quality of writing.
I scan the book’s content to ensure it is relevant, accurate, well-organized, necessary, and plausible on a storytelling level. Potential issues I look for include head-hopping, world-building, three-dimensional characters, useful secondary characters, foreshadowing, romance or mystery outcomes, and plot holes.
Notes and suggestions are made to guide author in revision strategies. Comments are made within the manuscript as a guide for the author, and maybe some light edits are made, particularly if issues need to be specifically pointed out. I provide more feedback and suggestions through an editorial letter, keeping within the author’s vision for the story.
Line Editing for writers who might ask: Am I telling the best possible story?
I address the prose and provide in-depth feedback on the style and language from scene to scene, chapter to chapter to ensure consistency, plausibility, and originality. Some areas I cover include syntax, word choice, awkward phrasing, word and phrase overuse, variation of sentence construction, resolving ambiguities, story beats, “showing vs. telling,” dialogue, five senses, description/details, eliminating clichés, and more.
Copy Editing for writers who might worry: Does my story read like I paid attention in Language Arts?
This type of editing addresses minor storytelling concepts such as detail and description consistency (flagging a child’s sudden hair color change, for example), accuracy, timeline and setting consistency, grammar, word usage, punctuation, formatting and proper paragraph breaks, etc.
For both line and copy editing, while I include an editorial letter summarizing my findings, the majority of my suggestions are through markups made directly within the manuscript. If I find a recommended change could alter the author’s vision for the story, I will not change it, but will mention the pros and cons of leaving it be in the editorial letter.
Proofreading for the writer who might say: All I need is a polish and I’m good to go!
Checks for grammatical, spelling, punctuation, and formatting mistakes, but does not attempt to improve the content.
For rates and submission guidelines, go here.