How to Interview your Character

Character development is an important element of any fictional story. Interviewing a character about his or her life can help you develop a believable character instead of a flat one.

Today I’m giving you some ideas on how to interview a character, the kinds of questions to avoid, and how to decide which information actually belongs in your story.

I’m not a big fan of doing character profiles that span years of randomness that may or may not make it into the story. In some cases, the background detail can inform the story we’re writing—but in other cases, not so much. We can actually get ourselves in a bind with “information dump” or “irrelevant information” because we *think* we should include this fun, cool, or interesting detail that surfaced. Randomly. For no reason.

Getting to know your characters is vital however. You want to make sure you’re providing the right kind of detail that will support, inform, or advance the story. Not act as just pretty decoration.

Character interviews can take us way off track from the story we want to tell. We need to understand what makes our hero tick, but we gotta ask the right questions. Check out this post by Kate Johnston | Author & Story Coach to learn how to interview your characters for information you can actually use in your story.
Photo by Diana Akhmetianova on Unsplash

One way to do that is through interviewing your characters about a specific time in their life that has some kind of impact on their story goal or the obstacles getting in the way of their story goal.

You may find, as you are writing one of your early drafts, that you don’t have a clear idea of why your main character lets her flaws interfere with her relationships. Or you might not know enough about a strength that can help your main character out of a jam.

When this happens (and you’re ready to do some character research—I don’t generally suggest you interrupt getting your story down on paper/screen to do any kind of research), then think about important events that might have shaped your character’s life.


  • Birthday party (either their own or a friend/family member)
  • Learning a skill
  • Death of a loved one
  • Long-term illness
  • Winning/losing a championship
  • Falling in love
  • Betrayal by loved one
  • Bullying
  • Abusive family member
  • Home/property is robbed
  • High school graduation
  • Moving to a new town
  • Losing a job
  • Divorce
  • Making the team
  • Recital

Next, come up with 50-100 questions to help you see the character come to life through the event you’re exploring. Give yourself a mix of questions. Yes/No questions are perfectly fine. If inspiration strikes and you envision your character in action based on how you answered a question, then explore that further.

Here’s an example of a character whose old high school flame comes back into her life. Something is wrong between them, but the author can’t put his finger on it. He decides he needs to know not just about his MC’s old relationship, but what life in high school was like for his MC.

Character interviews can take us way off track from the story we want to tell. We need to understand what makes our hero tick, but we gotta ask the right questions. Check out this post by Kate Johnston | Author & Story Coach to learn how to interview your characters for information you can actually use in your story.
Photo by Alyssa Ledesma on Unsplash

Because high school life covers a lot of ground, you want to be careful you don’t go into areas that have nothing to do with your story goal. A good rule of thumb is to ask questions that can shed light on your MC’s motivations. If your MC doesn’t play any kind of musical instrument in the story, or if playing music is not part of the story, then don’t bother asking your MC questions about whether he/she played in the high school band.

Here’s a brief example of character interview questions:

  1. Did you know your current significant other?
  2. Did you go to prom?
  3. How often did you date?
  4. What was a popular date hangout?
  5. What kind of grades did you get?
  6. Teacher’s pet?
  7. Where did you live?
  8. Were you popular?
  9. Ever get suspended from school?
  10. Did you skip school?
  11. Siblings?
  12. Favorite subject?
  13. Did you play a sport?
  14. What did you do in your free time?
  15. How did you travel to school?
  16. What was the name of the most popular girl/boy?
  17. Did you follow the career path you planned?
  18. Still close with your best friend?
  19. Who was your favorite teacher?
  20. What was your style?
  21. Favorite music?
  22. Was bullying a problem?
  23. Teenage pregnancies?
  24. Were you on student council?
  25. Parents’ involvement?

Your job as the interviewer is to pick up on cues from your main character, which can come to you in a variety of forms. You might get a figment of an idea to spin-off from what your MC did in her free time. You may be able to picture your MC while she’s answering—watch her body language, hear the tone of her voice, listen for what’s not being said. Push for more info when you feel like you’re onto something juicy.

If a question starts leading you into a mini-story, go with it. This is always counted as writing practice, so we don’t want to think we’re wasting time if we end up not using it. However, be really picky about whether it’s useful. You want to be crystal-clear on the purpose of this information—does it apply to the story goal or the obstacles blocking your MC’s path (character flaws and/or moral dilemma).

What are some favorite methods you employ to help you get to know your characters better? Share in the comments below!

Have a writerly day!

6 thoughts on “How to Interview your Character”

    • I think so too. I’ve read some books where I’ve wished for a broader understanding of what makes the character tick–doesn’t always come through unfortunately. Thank you!

  1. Excellent post Kate. Makes sense, if we don’t make our characters real and believable, how can we expect the reader to feel it. 🙂 I’ll share this post in my next edition of writers tips 🙂

    • I think this would be true for non-fiction “characters” as well–although may not be as fun to step into their lives if we’re writing about people we don’t like all that much. 🙂 Thank you for the share. Always appreciated.

  2. Great post, Kate! I enjoy interviewing my characters as well as journaling from their point of view. I’m glad you stopped by my blog, for some reason I’m not getting your posts in my WP reader.

    • Hey there, Jill! Getting to know characters is one of my favorite time-suckages. 🙂 I haven’t been sending out reminders through wordpress dot com — and that is what the reader is connected to. This blog is through wordpress dot org. Thank you for the reminder. I need to get back into doing that again!


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